Nigeria’s plastics industry is fast growing

The Country Cluster of EUROMAP-European Plastics and Rubber Machinery confirms significant growth for Nigeria.

Nigeria is Africa’s third largest importer of plastics in primary forms

With 72% of raw materials imported (mainly from the Middle East, Europe and Asia) and only 28% produced locally, the Nigerian market has great potential for exporters of plastics in primary forms.

In the years 2008 to 2017, for example, imports of plastic raw materials increased annually by 5.2% from 464 kt to 729 kt, +57%! This makes Nigeria, after Egypt and Algeria, Africa‘s third largest importer of plastics in primary forms!

Source: EUROMAP / Graph: fairtrade 2019

Nigeria’s per capita plastics consumption on the up

  • The per capita consumption of plastics in Nigeria has grown by about 3.6% annually over the past ten years, from 4.0 kg in 2007 to 5.9 kg in 2018 and is estimated to be 6.8 kg in 2022.
Source: EUROMAP / Graph: fairtrade

Nigeria’s plastics consumption – Strong and steady increase

  • The country's plastics consumption has grown by 6.5% annually over the past ten years, from 578 kt in 2007 to 1.148 kt in 2017 and is estimated to be 1.478 kt in 2022.
Source: EUROMAP / Graph: fairtrade

Nigeria’s plastics production  – Strong and steady increase

  • Nigeria's plastics production has grown by 10.3% annually over the past years, from 120 kt in 2007 to 436 kt in 2018 and is estimated to be 523 kt in 2022.
Source: EUROMAP / Graph: fairtrade

Nigeria’s plastics consumption by application 2018

  • 55% of consumption is accounted for by packaging, 16% by construction, 6% for automotive and the remainder by various industries.
Source: EUROMAP / Graph: fairtrade

Nigeria’s plastics consumption by processing method 2018

  • In plastics processing, extrusion is in the lead with 51.0%, followed by injection molding with 23%, blow molding with 8% and PET preform & stretch blow molding with 11%.
Source: EUROMAP / Graph: fairtrade

Being the largest importer of plastics technology in Sub-Sahara Africa Nigeria invests heavily in its plastics industry

  • With 115 million euros in 2018 (+21% compared to 2017), Nigeria is the second largest importer of plastics technology in Sub-Sahara Africa, just behind South Africa (125 million euros). 
  • But while South Africa's imports not only failed to grow between 2014 and 2018, but even dropped from 132 to 125 million euros, Nigeria's imports increased by an average of 7.2% per year over the same period.
  • SoNigeria will soon overtake South Africa. And due to its high and sustained investment in its plastics industry and its immense population of 200 million, which according to the United Nations will increase to 400 million by 2050, it is all too likely that Nigeria will become the number one in Africa within the next five years. A position the country is likely to take in the long term.
Source: VDMA / Graph: fairtrade 2019


Nigeria is the 2nd largest importer of printing & paper processing technology in Sub-Sahara Africa (in million Euro)

  • Second only to South Africa and ahead of Kenya, Nigeria is the second largest buyer of printing & paper processing technology in sub-Saharan Africa.
  • Nigeria’s imports of such technology increased by 24% in 2018, from 42 to 52 million euro.
Source: VDMA / Graph: fairtrade 2019


Nigeria soon to become the largest importer of packaging technology in sub-Saharan Africa.
Enormous population growth and high sustainable investments in its packaging industry

  • With 158 million euros in 2018, Nigeria is the second largest importer of packaging tech- nology in sub-Saharan Africa, just behind South Africa (175 million euros).
  • But while South Africa‘s imports failed to grow, Nigeria‘s imports increased by an average of 10.2% per year between 2015 and 2018. So Nigeria will soon be passing South Africa by.
  • Nigeria’s immense population of currently 200 million, which according to the United Nations will rise to 400 million by 2050, requires strong sustainable growth. This is why Nigeria invests heavily in its packaging industry
Source: VDMA / Graph: fairtrade 2019